By Arabia Higher Ed Editorial Team
The number of researchers from Saudi Arabia has been consistently ranking in the top 5% of the list of the most highly cited authors.
According to the latest edition of the Highly Cited Researchers List, produced by Clarivate Analytics, Saudi Arabia claimed the 12th position in the world in terms of countries with the most entries in the annual publication with full primary affiliation.
The list features more than 3,539 researchers, in 21 fields, who produced a "notable" number of highly cited papers in Clarivate's Web of Science database over the period 2005-2015.
Authors are selected on the basis of "consistent production" of highly cited papers - defined as those that rank in the top 1 per cent by citations for field and publication year - to allow early career researchers to be considered as much as established names.
King Saud University came in first in the Arab region with 22 entries and was closely followed by King Abdulaziz University with 21 entries.
Algeria, Jordan, Lebanon, and Egypt were each represented by one list entry.
At the global level, researchers from the US continue to be the most represented in the list, with almost half of all the entries being affiliated with organizations, including research institutes and universities, in the US.
In total, the US had more than 1,640 entries, a 7 per cent increase on last year, with the UK second, being responsible for almost 342 entries. However, China is gaining fast: its representation in the list has jumped 36 per cent compared with last year, giving it almost 251 entries.
In terms of institutions, Harvard University claimed the top spot (109 entries), Stanford University (64 entries) came in second, and Germany's Max Planck Society (47) came in third.
As for China, the number of Chinese researchers making a list has gone up by more than a third in just a year. The University of Chinese Academy of Sciences (UCAS) came in the fourth position with 45 entries on the list. The institution also comes fourth in the world behind Germany's Max Planck Society.
Clarivate says that two "dominant" research themes have emerged in recent editions for this list: cancer genomics and the development of solar power using the mineral perovskite.