Three New Leaders in Four Regional University Rankings

qs arabregionSource: University World News

There were three new leaders in Quacquarelli Symonds or QS’s annual rankings by region on 16 October, covering 1,000 universities in Asia, Latin America, the Arab region, and Eastern Europe and Central Asia, and two of the rankings have new entrants in the top three.

Ben Sowter, research director at QS, said: “Prominent nations such as Brazil and Singapore have also seen a changing of the guard. Taiwan’s national leader, the National Taiwan University, sees its lead over its closest competitor reduced, as does Lomonosov Moscow [State University] in Russia.”

Sowter said the ‘second-tier’ universities in Japan and Malaysia are making inroads towards, and into, the top 50, and Mexico and Turkey have seen record representation in the uppermost echelon of these tables.

Each ranking adopted a distinct methodology from that used for the overall QS World University Rankings, reflecting the specific challenges and focuses of each higher education landscape.

Asia

In Asia, Singapore’s Nanyang Technological University takes the regional number one spot from perennial leader National University of Singapore (placed second). Third place went to Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, followed by KAIST – the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology – with the University of Hong Kong dropping three places to fifth.

China took three of the next five places with Tsinghua University (sixth), Fudan University (seventh) and Peking University (ninth), while City University of Hong Kong came eighth and the Chinese University of Hong Kong 10th.

Hong Kong took four of the top 10, followed by China with three, Singapore with two and Korea one.

Seven of India’s Indian Institutes of Technology and Indian Institutes of Science slipped down places, while Malaysian universities made significant improvements with three universities breaking into the top 50.

Japan’s top four universities were bunched together at 13th, 14th, 15th and 17th, led by the University of Tokyo.

Latin America

Among Latin American universities, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile came first, ahead of Universidade Estadual de Campinas of Brazil in second and pushing last year’s top institution, Universidade de Sao Paulo of Brazil down to third. Next came two Mexican universities, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México in fourth and Technológico de Monterrey fifth.

This gave Mexico two universities in the top five for the first time. Of the top 10, Brazil had four, Chile had two, Mexico two, and Colombia and Argentina one apiece.

The top 50 features universities from Brazil (16), Chile (8), Mexico (7), Argentina (6), Colombia (5), Costa Rica and Venezuela (2), and Peru, Puerto Rico and Uruguay (1).

Eastern Europe and Central Asia

In Eastern Europe and Central Asia, the leader remained the same, the indomitable Lomonosov Moscow State University of Russia. Russia took three of the top four with Novosibirsk State University second and Saint Petersburg State University fourth. Estonia’s University of Tartu came third, while fifth spot was taken by the Czech Republic’s Charles University.

Turkey has two universities in the top 10 for the first time: Bogaziçi Universitesi (seventh) and Middle East Technical University (ninth).

While Russia had three in the top 10, the Czech Republic had two, Turkey two, and there was one each for Estonia, Poland and Kazakhstan.

Arab Region

In the Arab region, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, or KFUPM, loses its top spot for the first time, to Lebanon’s American University of Beirut.

Saudi Arabia is still home to three of the region’s top four universities. KFUPM remains second; it is followed by King Saud University (third) and King Abdul Aziz University (fourth). United Arab Emirates University enters the top five, rising from sixth to fifth.

There is one new entrant into the top 10: Oman’s Sultan Qaboos University (now 10th).

Among the top 10, Saudi Arabia has three, Arab Emirates two, and Lebanon, Egypt, Qatar, Jordan and Oman have one each.

Saudi Arabia is the most-represented nation in the rankings, with 21 universities among the top 100. It is followed by Egypt and Jordan (13 universities each), the United Arab Emirates (12 universities), Iraq (11 universities), and Lebanon (8 universities).

Sowter says the latest regional rankings showed that higher education in these emerging regions is “truly the most competitive that it ever has been since we began such observations. Established hierarchies are under threat from institutions attempting to counter prestige through proactivity.”

France Leads Top 25 in Science and Technology Ranking

telecom paristech1U-Multirank has published its new Universities of Science and Technology Rankings, in collaboration with the Conference of European Schools for Advanced Engineering Education and Research or CESAER – a leading European group of universities of science and technology.

In total, 231 universities of science and technology are compared in the latest science and technology rankings.

The top 25 universities in this ranking come from 12 countries, with the largest cohort from France with six (Telecom ParisTech, École Polytechnique, INP Grenoble Institute of Technology, ENS Lyon, ENS Paris and Claude Bernard University Lyon 1) and five from the United States (California Institute of Technology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Georgia Institute of Technology and Rockefeller University).

While no university received straight ‘A’ scores (very good) across all performance indicators, many showcase top performance on a number of indicators. For example, the California Institute of Technology in the US achieved ‘A’ scores on seven out of eight possible performance indicators, while Technical University of Denmark achieved 11 out of 13 possible ‘A’ scores.

The ranking shows different profiles of universities of science and technology. While a number of institutions are placed in the top group for either all research indicators (measuring research output and impact), or for all indicators on knowledge transfer (focusing on transfer and industry relations), only one university (Georgia Institute of Technology) has an ‘A’ score on all indicators in both dimensions.

Some of the European universities in the top range of the ranking show a very strong international orientation. Technical University of Denmark, Telecom ParisTech (France), INP Grenoble Institute of Technology (France) and Chalmers University of Technology (Sweden) reached a top group position in all four indicators of international orientation.

The new ranking is also presented for nine subject areas from the field of science and technology: biology, chemical engineering, chemistry, civil engineering, computer science, electrical engineering, mathematics, mechanical engineering, and production or industrial engineering.

On the subject level, some universities achieve ‘A’ scores on all performance indicators in which data were available for them.

For example, Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the US both received five out of five ‘A’ scores in mechanical engineering for all available indicators. When we look at computer science, Telecom ParisTech in France received six out of six possible ‘A’ scores, and EPF Lausanne and ETH Zürich – both in Switzerland – received five out of five top scores.

Chalmers University of Technology and KTH Royal Institute of Technology (both in Sweden), as well as Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands, all received six out of six possible ‘A’ scores in electrical engineering.

U-Multirank argues that by measuring university performance at both the institutional and subject level, their strengths are able to be showcased more clearly. A spokesperson told University World News that this multidimensional approach is designed to offer transparency and useful insights for students, universities, businesses, policy-makers and governments to make better informed comparisons of how universities worldwide perform.

Professor Dr Frank Ziegele, U-Multirank’s joint project leader, said: “U-Multirank understands and makes clear that universities’ roles as global centres of excellence stem from their diversity. A successful higher education sector is made up of many types of universities, especially universities of science and technology.”

He said this is why these rankings aim to show how universities of science and technology perform on a number of indicators particularly important to their institutional profiles.

The selection of indicators applied in the rankings were selected by CESAER, a longstanding partner of U-Multirank.

Universities of science and technology are doing both teaching and research. In addition, the transfer of technology and knowledge into society is a core part of their mission. Furthermore, in a global knowledge economy their international involvement and cooperation is highly relevant for their profile and performance, which is why these rankings cover the dimensions of teaching and learning, research, knowledge transfer and international orientation, Ziegele explained.

As there is no formal definition of ‘Universities of Science and Technology’, two criteria were used to identify the institutions included: 1) all institutions at which more than 40% of all graduates are coming from science and technology fields; 2) institutions with ‘tech’ in their (English) name.

In order to compare institutions with a comparable profile and mission, U-Multirank included only PhD awarding institutions.

The readymade ranking shows only institutions with valid scores on at least half of the indicators included.

Graduate Employability Rankings: the Best University for Getting a Job

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6000By Rachel Hall for the Guardian

Three UK universities are among the top 20 in the world for graduate employability, according to a ranking by higher education think tank QS.

California’s Stanford University retained its top spot in the ranking, which is in its second year. Meanwhile, the University of Cambridge, the UK’s highest-ranking institution, slipped down a place this year to number 6. The University of Oxford holds onto its place at 8 and UCL enters the top 20 at number 17.

A further three UK institutions make the top 50, with Imperial College London falling nine places to 29, the University of Manchester at 33 and the University of Bristol at 50. The University of Edinburgh slips out of the top 50 at 60.

Outside of the leading 10, where the US claims five spots, the rankings include a relatively diverse range of universities from across the world. Australian universities perform particularly well, with two – the universities of Sydney and Melbourne – in the top 10. The other nation represented in the top 10 is China, although Tsinghua University has dropped seven places this year to the tenth spot.

Ben Sowter, research director at QS, says that the key takeaway from the rankings this year is that “employability is about more than prestige and selectivity”, since institutions which have prioritised achieving strong graduate outcomes score highly, regardless of reputation.

 

As well as looking at graduate employment rates, universities’ scores are calculated on employer reputation, partnerships with employers, presence of employers on campus, and alumni outcomes. Each category is weighted differently to reflect its importance to students.

The table below shows the top 100 universities with the overall total for 2018.

AUB Dethrones KFUPM and Named the Best University in the Arab Region

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american university of beirutBy Arabia Higher Ed Editorial Team

The 2018 QS Arab Region University Rankings have been released, and the American University of Beirut is now the best university in the Arab region.  

This year, QS evaluated 214 universities from 16 countries across the Arab region.  The rankings offer a rich picture of the performance of universities across the region, and feature 146 universities, although only the top 100 universities were selected for the published rankings.

This year's top 10 is largely unchanged since last year, with only Sultan Qaboos University, based in Oman, breaking into the top 10.  AUB has climbed one place since last year's ranking.  

Overall, seven universities from Lebanon have been ranked in the top 50, with Beirut Arab University the nation’s lowest-ranked institution (81-90).

At the national level, Saudi Arabia has three universities in the top four. It's also the most-represented nation in the rankings, with 21 universities in the top 100.  

Although Saudi Arabia's performance remains strong, it is clear that the low international student ratio has finally caught up with KFUPM and KSU, reflecting  difficulties in recruiting regional and international students.

Egypt and Jordan contributed each with 13 universities.  Highly ranked Egyptian universities include the American University In Cairo (ranked 6) and Cairo University (ranked 11) . The American University’s scores highlight its particularly strong performance in international faculty and research.  The University of Jordan (ranked 9) was the only Jordanian University in the top 10.

In general, Egyptian universities achieve commendable Employer Reputation scores, with Alexandria University and Ain Shams University appearing among the top 10 Arab universities. The top 10 scores for Employer Reputation also include two universities from Lebanon and the UAE, one from Jordan, and one from Saudi Arabia. 

The United Arab Emirates came in with 12 universities in the top 100 rankings, and scored strongest in the internationalization indicators, a reflection of the country's reputation as a destination for internationally mobile, highly-skilled professionals.

The Arab Rankings have its own tailored methodology and is based on academic reputation and employer reputation, based on global surveys
of 75,000 academics and 40,000 employers, contribute 30% and 20% of an institution's final score respectively.  Other indicators include faculty student ratio (20%), Web Impact (10%), Proportion of staff with PhD (5%), citations per paper (5%), papers per faculty (5%), proportion of international faculty (2.5%) and proportion of international students (2.5%).

American University of Beirut Breaks in the top 50 in the Latest QS Employability Rankings

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AUBBy Arabia Higher Ed Editorial Team

QS published this week its second Graduate Employability Rankings, after a pilot edition in 2015.

The top ten universities were dominated by the United States with Stanford, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), and Harvard claiming the top three positions, respectively.

Fourteen universities from Egypt, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates made the latest rankings.

Lebanon’s American University of Beirut (AUB) broke into the top 50, and ranked among elite universities at the 41st position in the world. It is the first time a University in the Arab region breaks into any rankings's top 50.

The closest ranked institution in the region is at the 201-250 position.

Egypt was the most represented country in the rankings with four institutions in the top 500, followed by Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates with three each. Lebanon had two institutions while Jordan and Kuwait have one each.

The American University of Beirut scored a total of 72 points with an impressive 99.8 score for graduate employability rate. AUB also scored 81 for alumni outcomes, an analysis of “more than 30,000 of the world’s most innovative, creative, wealthy, entrepreneurial, and/or philanthropic individuals to establish which universities are producing world-changing individuals.”

The Global University Employability Rankings are based on five indicators that were updated this year along with their corresponding weights. The metrics include an employer reputation metric (30%) which is based on over 30,000 responses to the QS Employer Survey that asks employers to identify “those institutions from which they source the most competent, innovative, effective graduates.” 

The rankings also use an alumni outcomes metric (25%) that measures the ability of universities to produce highly successful and visible alumni in addition to partnerships with employers per faculty metric (25%); an employer/student connections metric (10%) that measures employers interest in campus activity, and a graduate employment rate metric (10%) that measures the proportion of graduates in full or part time employment within 12 months of graduation.

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